What is Harvard?

Answered By: Richard Fallis
Last Updated: Jan 20, 2015     Views: 106

In referencing, Harvard is the name of a widely-used author-date referencing style.

Harvard in-text references generally look like this (references highlighted):

"A recent survey (Thermascan, 2012) and video (Norman, 2012) underlined that as much as a third of the heat generated in homes is lost through the walls or the roof as a result of poor insulation."

A Harvard bibliography, which arranges references in alphabetical order by author, looks something like this:

BBC (2010) Energy use and the environment. Available at (Accessed: 18 August 2012).

Bowman, R. and Jenkins, S. (2011) 'Financial and environmental issues and comparisons in new and old build properties', in Harris, P. (ed.) Studies on property improvements and environmental concerns in modern Britain. London: Pinbury, pp. 124–145.

British Gas (2012) A green light to save you more. Eastbourne: British Gas.

Department of the Environment (2011) Energy and the environment in Britain today. Available at: (Accessed: 12 January 2013).

Hallwood, L. (2012) 'The good work of sustainable energy organisations continues', The Times, 20 June, pp. 20–21.

Cite Them Right Online looks in detail at using the Harvard referencing style.

RefWorks and Write-N-Cite can help you to format documents automatically in Harvard format.

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